Week of: Monday, August 31th, 2015Courtesy of:
The stressful and competitive environment of the financial world may boost levels of the hormones cortisol and testosterone in financial traders, leading them to invest in riskier assets. In a simulation, male participants who were given doses of cortisol shifted investments towards riskier assets and those given testosterone experienced increased levels of optimism about the future prospects of their choice. The researchers conclude, "Our results suggest that changes in both cortisol and testosterone could play a destabilizing role in financial markets through increased risk taking behavior, acting via different behavioral pathways."
Scientific Reports, July 2015
According to the findings of a new animal study, multiple courses of antibiotics during early childhood can lead to weight gain, increased bone growth, and altered gut flora. The researchers write that their findings highlight the potential negative impact repeated antibiotic exposure in early life may have on development.
Nature Communications, June 2015
A new report finds that adventurous eaters weigh less and appear healthier than more conservative diners. The findings are the result of a survey the showed that women who ate the widest variety of uncommon foods - including seitan, beef tongue, kimchi, rabbit, and polenta - also rated themselves as healthier eaters, more physically active, and more concerned with the healthfulness of their food when compared with less adventurous eaters. Study co-author Dr. Brian Wansink adds, "These findings are important to dieters because they show that promoting adventurous eating may provide a way for people - especially women - to lose or maintain weight without feeling restricted by a strict diet."
Obesity, July 2015
While it makes sense that dietary interventions should reduce binge eating behavior, a new study published in the journal Appetite points to physical exercise as a better strategy. Researchers tracked 180 women for six months and found that those who participated in a physical activity intervention experienced greater reductions in binge eating symptoms than those who received training on making better dietary choices. If these results are confirmed with a larger-scale study, it could lead to new treatment options for people with binge eating behavior.
Appetite, July 2015
For patients with a temporomandibular joint disorder, manual therapies may be the most effective conservative treatment option. A systemic review of eight published studies indicates that manual therapies had the greatest effect on improving both function and pain associated with temporomandibular joint disorders. This adds to the growing body of research supporting the efficacy of manual therapies, treatments commonly performed by doctors of chiropractic, for the care of TMD patients.
Manual Therapy, June 2015
Keeping children safe while they exercise and play outside is very important. The eXtension Foundation recommends the following guidelines: never allow kids to play unsupervised; explain to children not to play near a street or driveway; tell children to ask an adult for help when any object rolls into the street; and remove sharp objects, lawn equipment, animal waste, branches, and garbage from outdoor play areas.
eXtension Foundation, July 2015
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